Do not let your summer vacation be ruined by a sea urchin or a jellyfish. Croatia Insurance Non-life provides small summer tips to deal with the usual summer vacation accidents, for a carefree vacation.
Before entering the water
A common mistake that many people make is entering the water after a meal. It is advisible to wait for about an hour after you've had your meal. Water should not be entered abruptly and this rule applies especially for the elderly people and those who have experienced heart problems. Therefore, next time you get the desire to jump straight into the water, enter first up to your knees, than acclimatize wetting the rest of your body with your palms, after which you may enter the water without the risk of a thermal shock.
Contact with poisonous marine life
Jelly fish: After a contact with a jellyfish, your skin devellops an allergic reaction to the substance which is found in jellyfish's tentacles. The skin irritation which appears later is not dangerous, but if it worsens, affecting larger area of your skin than a widespread palm or if large blisters appear, it is advisible that you visit the nearest doctor immediately. For a first aid use sea water, lemon or vinegar to wash/rinse the affected spot off the jellyfish stings.
Sea urchin: Stepping on a sea urchin can really ruin your day, and if you don't remove the stings you will have difficulties walking. If there are only a couple of spines, they can be removed using a disinfected needle, tweezers and alcohol. The procedure is the same as removing a thorn from the skin. Additional caution is needed when it comes to removing several spines or the wound is deeper, in which case it would be better to visit a doctor.
Weever Fish: Weever Fish is a type of fish that usually sits on the sea bed, and its back side is armed with poisonous spines which may cause a dangerous injury if you step on it. Due to its temperature sensitive venom, it is best if you immediately immerse the affected part in hot water (as hot as can be tolerated) for 30-90 minutes. However, be careful not to burn your skin. The procedure can be repeated if necessary. Immediately after carrying out prevention, call the nearest ambulance as convulsions or unconsciousness may occur in the sensitive population - young children and the elderly persons.
For a first aid of treating skin redness after sunbathing, it is recommended that you prepare a cool bath in which you can put a little apple vinegar and a bit of St. John's wort oil. Yogurt may help to cool down the skin and reduce the redness. However, if you get blisters and the skin is very much affected, you should visit a doctor.
Water inside Ear
If during a swim you get water inside your ear, pull the ear tip and tilt your head to the side. If, after two or three days you are still troubled by a sharp pain, then you've possibly gotten an infection and you should consult a doctor immediately.
Cuts and scratches
Although cuts and scratches do not look serious on the first sight, they are still susceptible to infections and therefore should be treated promptly and with care. Wash the wound thoroughly with fresh water or melted ice water and press it firmly with a clean cloth to stop the bleeding. Put an antibiotic creme and bandage it. If it becomes serious or infected, seek for doctor care as soon as possible.
A person with sunstroke should immediately be placed into the shade, in a semi-supine position and his/hers clothes, belt and shoes should be loosened. If not unconscious, the affected should be layed down on the side. It is best to pour cool water onto his body and put cold compresses under the neck and head. In a sunstroke, the most important step is hydration, thus the person must drink cool beverages, but has to completely avoid drinks which affect his/hers circulation and blood pressure, such as alcohol and coffee.